Lasek eye surgery is a variation of PRK to correct myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism. LASEK combines certain methods from both LASIK and PRK. Lasik remains the most popular laser eye surgery, but for people who are not suitable LASIK candidates, LASEK may be a better option.
Like other types of laser refractive surgery, LASEK works by reshaping the cornea using an excimer laser, allowing light entering the eye to be properly focused onto the retina for clearer vision without eyeglasses or contact lenses.
The LASEK procedure involves a little of both LASIK and PRK. Like in PRK, the corneal epithelium is separated from the underlying stromal layer. But instead of completely removing and discarding the epithelial tissue, the LASEK surgeon pushes the ultra-thin epithelial “flap” to the side (it remains attached to the eye on one side, like the thicker corneal flap made in LASIK), exposing the corneal stroma for laser reshaping. After the laser treatment is finished, the epithelial tissue is repositioned on the surface of the eye to cover the lasered stroma, and a bandage contact lens is placed on the eye to keep the epithelium in place as it heals..